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What is Acne?

Acne is a prolonged, inflammatory skin condition that causes dark spots, dry patches on the skin and pimples, especially on the face and upper area of the body (shoulders, neck, upper arms, chest and back). Problems like blackheads, cysts and whiteheads are also different types of acne. Acne leaves scars that are almost permanent in most cases. Acne disrupts then natural function of oil glands present at the root of hair follicles. It is not too dangerous but acne leaves scars on the skin.

Manifestations of Acne are various—
small, red bumps,
cysts and
large and painful bumps.

 What causes Acne?
Acne is not caused by a single factor. It is the result of multiple factors working together. Four primary causes of acne, as identified by doctors, are

  • When your oil glands provide excess oil
  • Dead skin cells and oil clog the roots of hair or hair follicles
  • Bacterial infections
  • Hormonal imbalance (caused by androgens)

Other factors include

  • Side effect to certain medicine
  • Result of unhealthy dietary practices
  • Stress

There are some myths about the causes of acne like eating oily or greasy food, not maintaining hygiene, using cosmetics. Eating oily food has almost no effect on acne but if one works in a greasy area (for example, in a corporate kitchen) it affects the skin. Similarly, dirty skin is not the primary cause of acne. On the contrary, using harsh chemicals to cleanse or using a facial scrub too often irritates the skin and promotes acne. Lastly, using branded, oil-free cosmetics does not cause acne by itself. It is perfectly safe.

Which unnoticed factors contribute to acne?
Some common factors that we do not pay much attention to are also responsible for causing acne problems. People from any age group may be affected by acne—it is not just limited to budding teenagers! For example, changes in hormonal levels, people taking medicines that contain androgens or corticosteroids or lithium, genetic makeup (if parents suffer from acne, the child will probably have it too) and lotions and creams containing concentrated oily elements, all may cause acne breakouts. Did you know that even our mobile phones, helmets, backpacks and tight high-neck clothing or tight collars are responsible for acne issues because they create friction or trauma on the skin. Lastly, stress worsens acne conditions if you are already acne-prone.

Treatment and Cure for Acne
Unfortunately, Acne is not a ‘curable’ condition but it can be treated successfully. General care for acne is to wash the affected areas regularly with gentle soap and water. Prevent yourself from picking on your skin, which may aggravate the situation.

A dermatologist will give you a guided understanding of the best practices for treating acne. Deep analysis of your skin shall inform the doctor of the extent of damage. Then, planning a course of treatment will yield much fruitful results.

Book a consultation today with us and see the change.

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